Le Mali 2013 (Caroline et Nicole)


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  • Mali, the largest country in West Africa, is bordered by seven other states: Algeria lies to the north and northeast, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso to the southeast and, with the Ivory Coast, to the south.


  • Mali is divided into eight regions (régions) and one district.
  • Each region has a governor.
  • Public education in Mali is in principle provided free of charge and is compulsory for nine years between the ages of seven and sixteen.
  • Mali faces numerous health challenges related to poverty.
  • Islam came to west Africa in the 11th century and remains the predominant religion in most countries in that region.
  • An estimated 90% of Malians are Muslim.
  • capital city of Bamako
  • Mali's independence from France in 1960
  • The River Niger runs deep into Mali's Sahara desert
  • Climate: Mali's climate is subtropical to arid. It is very hot and dry from February to June; rainy, humid, and mild from June to November; and cool and dry from November to February.
  • Mali, the largest country in West Africa
  • Although more than 40 African languages are spoken in the country, French is the official language

  • Almost 65% of the land of Mali is a desert which limits the economic activities to the area which is irrigated by the Niger River.
  • Birth rate is on average 7.4 per woman
  • Mali is home to some 15.8 million people
  • Many Malians are subsistence farmers, raising millet, sorghum, rice and corn

  • the country's third-largest export after cotton and livestock is gold
  • Life expectancy is around 49 years